What Does a Police Officer Do?
Police officers have a dynamic, ever-changing role in the community. Above all, they uphold the law and maintain order. They prevent and investigate crimes, enforce traffic laws, respond to emergencies and catch criminals.
Police officers, who often start off as patrol officers, keep an area safe. They patrol their area in a car, on foot, on a bike or even on a horse.
Officers work for city, county, state or federal governments, and their titles often change with the jurisdiction. The size of the region often determines the officer’s daily duties. For example, an officer working for a smaller municipality is more likely to have a broader variety of duties compared to an officer working on a larger police force.
The work is dynamic and rewarding, but it can also be dangerous. Keep reading to learn more about this in-demand career.
- Patrol the community
- Respond to calls from the public through a dispatcher, including emergency and non-emergency situations
- Conduct traffic control and enforcement
- Arrest suspected criminals
- Conduct preliminary investigations and collect evidence
- Write detailed reports
- Testify in court when needed
- Focus on safety at all times
Becoming A Police Officer: FAQs
What are the steps to getting this job?
Local and state governments employ the most officers, and the required steps vary. Step one is understanding what the rules are for the job you want.
Requirements range from a high school diploma or equivalent to a bachelor’s degree. Most employers — even those that don’t require a four-year degree — look for candidates who have earned an associate degree or completed government-approved training.
Criminal justice and law enforcement programs are offered at community colleges and universities.
For those interested in how to become a police officer without a college degree, know that it is possible. Experience in the military is beneficial, and in some cases will reduce the amount of time needed for education and training. Similar work in security may be considered helpful.
The majority of police officer candidates go through Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST), more commonly known as the police academy. Successful graduates must pass the POST exam, also known as the licensing board exam.
All paths to this career include classes on city and state laws, constitutional law, civil rights and ethics. Hands-on training covers emergency response, traffic control, firearms training and first aid.
Continuing education is the norm in this line of work. It's needed to renew your license, to learn about new areas of police work and for hands-on training, such as driving a vehicle during an emergency.
Continuing education is often linked to promotions. Police officers can advance to become detectives, criminal investigators or federal officers.
LEARN MORE: Read How To Become a Police Officer.
Are there any other qualifications?
Candidates must be 21 years old, a U.S. citizen and pass rigorous psychological, academic and physical exams. Those with felony backgrounds or who are saddled with debt may not be eligible.
A valid driver’s license is a must.
A drug test and a polygraph test are likely to be required. Many employers also require CPR training.
Speaking a second language is beneficial.
Most officers wear a uniform with a badge and carry required equipment.
How long does it take to become a police officer?
As mentioned, it depends on the path you choose and the requirements in the state where you want to work. An associate degree takes two years. Police academy takes from four to six months. A bachelor’s degree takes four years.
How many hours do police officers work?
Most police officers work full-time during a normal week, with evening and weekend hours. Overtime is common.
Is there a demand for this job?
Demand for officers varies by location, but in general, the job outlook is good. Overall employment is expected to grow 7% from 2020 to 2030, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
What skills and qualities would make someone a good fit for this job?
Successful police officers tend to share these traits:
- Calm temperament
- Work well under pressure
- Good judgment
- Excellent communication and interpersonal skills
- Perceptive and quick-thinking
- Hardworking and enjoy working in a changing environment
- Good physical condition